Friday, June 7, 2019
Organization and Behavior Essay Example for Free
Organization and Behavior Essay1. Understand the Relationship betwixt Organizational nicety and Structure1.1. Compargon and contrast three several(predicate) organizational structures and cultures.The long term success and failure of every keep company depends on its structure no matter how vague it may sound, structure of a company decides where the company will be in the near future. The three types of structures atomic number 18Functional structure under this kind of structure, the company is divided into distinct classifys, who be then assigned different tasks like the accounts, the sales and admin, and the marketing departments. divisional structure this kind of structure is followed by companies with huge geographical argona coverage. Each part of the area has a sm solelyer division within the fit umbrella group.Matrix structure this is a combination of both the divisional and functional structures, and operates upon theories imported from these deuce str uctures. But, this structure is associated with ego clashes among the top positions, and power clashes.The different kinds of organizational cultures are as followsPower culture organizations following this kind of culture may be able to respond to crisis very quickly, but the occupation is that the organization is very centralized. This kind of culture relies heavily upon people rather than committees (Harris, 1994).Role culture position is main criteria in the role culture. The organization is controlled by senior management at the top of the pyramid, and the system is also mettlesomely formalized.Task culture this type of culture is practiced more often by organizations with a matrix structure. Main emphasis in this structure is given to completion of tasks. It strongly believes in the unified power of a police squad (Harris, 1994).1.2. The descent between an organizations structure and cultureThere is a very strong relation between organizational structure and its culture, as unless the perfect match of the two factors will lead to a broad(a) working environment in office. At TESCOS, as a store manger, it is unimpeachably a priority to look at the kind of attitude and behavior the employees are having, and how clean and suitable the culture is.If the structure of a company id hierarchical, with all(prenominal) the lasts being made at the top, the employees will have no or less license, and there will lack of autonomy at the lower train of the pyramid. On the other hand, if the power is divided between all the sections, the company culture will be lot more friendly, with the employees at all levels enjoying equal freedom (Parker, 2000).1.3. Overview of four factors that can influence individual behavior at the Irish TESCOSEnvironment more emphasis put on building a friendly and mutual environment in the workspace will ensure that team work and productivity of the company increases.Technology the better the prevailing technology at the core of t he company, the lesser the employees will have to work, and hence, better streamlined workflow and productivity can be ensured.Locus of control employees who have an external venue of control will constantly criticize people, find faults, and also depend on others for their success. On the other hand, people with internal locus of control hold that their own destiny is in their own hands.Customer Demand though and external factor, but it is to be noted, that the more the demand, the more the sales, and greater the growth of the company (Parker, 2000).Task-22. Understand the Relationship between Organizational Culture and Structure2.1. Compare three different loss leadership styles for three different businessorganizationsLeaders are different, and so are their leadership styles. Leaders are meant to motivate their team, and hence, leadership styles sculpt the outlook of the staffs. Here are the various leadership stylesLaissez Faire in this put on of leadership style, the lea ders allow a certain level of freedom is given to the staff, and trained directors are ap spirit leveled to coordinate efficiently between the high level managers and the working staff (Antonakis et al, 2004).Autocratic style under this style of leadership, the leaders keep an eye on the employees at all condemnation, and face time is increased. There are a lot of arguments over this style of leadership, as there exists no or little freedom for the employees, and they sometimes find it exceedingly uncomfortable to work under these situations. But when practiced in a controlled manner, this style can be effective, especially under tight deadlines (Antonakis et al, 2004).Participative This is a good balanced style, and a mix of both the autocratic and Laissez Faire styles. This gives a little bit of freedom to the employees, while the managers are still around supervising at all times.2.2. How organizational theory underpins the practice of management for the Irish TESCOSIn the Ir ish TESCOS scenario, organizational theory has a vital role to play. The authenticity and practicality of organizational theory has been questioned by many modern scholars, but the fact remains that these theories underpin and supports the stability of an organization. These theories, apart from facilitateing the managers to find out the prevailing problems in the company, also help them to find the right method to deal with the problem, and ultimately solve it.There are a lot of these theories they have been created in differentperiods, with different economic and socio economic conditions and the real art for managers lies in finding the best method out of these, and applying them in the present context. Some of these theories may come along to be obsolete these days in the age of ever changing technology, but it is to be understood that they form the base and foundation of companies across the world.2.3. approximate four different approaches to management used by different o rganizations.The four different managerial approaches are as followsParticipative- Under this approach, the managers discusses and collaborates with his team managers about the decision making process. picBureaucratic- Bureaucratic is opposite to participative process, where the manager forces the team members to follow strict rules, and to obey a chain of commands (Tittemore, 2003).Autocratic An autocratic manager is almost a dictator who supervises his people at all steps and ensures job is done at the right time.Hands off approach- This is the friendliest approach of all, where the manager gives complete freedom to his men in all respects (Sapru, 2008).Task-33. Understand ways of using motivational theories in organizations3.1. How different leadership styles impact employee motivation in periods of tackPeriods of change are often the periods when crisis happens. Hence, good leadership techniques are to be adopted by the leaders to protect the company from sudden jerks. Here ar e the most commonly practiced leadershipstylesAutocratic managers following this style will never allow the team members to contribute towards the decision making process, and will try to establish huge confidence towards their own decisions.Democratic totally opposite to autocratic style of leadership, when special attention is paid to what the team members think. The point of views of the employees is hence at least heard before making the final decision.Quiet in this process of decision making highly trained employees are recruited by the manger, and then leaves day to day decision making to them, as he remains quiet.Transformational as the name suggests, the manager practicing this method tries to incite and motivate his team about the bright future of the company, and hence tries to extract more productive work from them (Robbins and Judge, 2008).3.2. Identify the application of three different motivational theories within the workplace.Listed below are three different mot ivational theoriesMaslows Hierarchy of needs Maslow states that human needs can be graphically correspond as a pyramid, and they move from the bottom to the top as the needs at the bottom are satisfied, man focuses on the next need at the top. These needs range from love needs, social needs, to self actualization (Maccoby, 1998).Carrot Stick this theory was coined by Bentham, and explains that human is motivated by either of the two forces fear or incentives. Either he will work to fulfill his money, security and other material needs, or he will work collect to pressure and fear.The motivation hygiene theory this theory was introduced by Herzberg in 1959, and stresses on the fact that employee satisfaction and dissatisfaction is caused by some hygiene factors (Maccoby, 1998).3.3. The usefulness of a motivation theory for managers at the TESCOS in Ireland.Companies like the TESCOS do rely on their employees for not only production, but also for proper distribution and up to n ow product quality control. But to get exceptional performances from them it is required for the managers to impart proper motivational incentives. Motivational theories can help the TESCOS managers to properly motivate their employees and provide them proper job roles for increased productivity.Organizational Management organizations use motivational theories to promote favorable working conditions at the organizational and departmental levels.Rewards The reward system takes a lot from the expectancy theory, and helps motivating the employees to work even harder, as they see their work being appreciated.Perception of the employees in the equity theory, it ca be learnt that employees perceive the rewards given to them in exchange of the work that they need to do. When the perception and actual incentive matches, the employee gets motivated to perform better in the future (Robbins and Judge, 2008).productiveness a lot of company incorporate goal setting as a fine tool to increas e the productivity level of the employees.Task-44. Understand mechanisms for exploitation effective teamwork in organizations4.1. Explain the nature of groups and group behavior within organizations.A group may be defined as a hookup of individuals who have similar aims and are set to achieve the same goal. Groups are mainly of two typesFormal Groups these groups are designed by companies, and each group is assigned different and specific tasks.Informal groups these are groups formed by individuals themselves. Hence, they are not properly arranged, and not at all structured (Butler 1986).Groups are formed over a series of steps. They areForming the initial stage of group formation. In this stage, the resources and other details required to form the group are procured.Storming much like brain storming, in this stage, the individuals in each group challenge and try to find answers. Conflicts are common in this stage.Norming in this stage, all conflicts are resolved, as the answ ers to the questions asked by the members are found.Performing in this stage, coordination, and team work starts taking place between the different team members, and they start neat a single unit.4.2. Factors that may promote the development of effective teamwork in organizationsThe factors that can improve teamwork areGood leadership A good leader ca motivate his men in performing better and reaching greater heights. Hence, leadership is a factor that should never be underestimated. Leaders are adept in different theories and motivational methods, and the best leaders are those who can take spontaneous decisions (Parker, 2000)..Diversity good teamwork develops as and when the members embrace mixture in terms of age, sex, religion and culture.Communication if communication is strong among all the team members, everyone will be on the same page, and will also be equally informed. Great communication is the key to effective team building.Team Building Exercises proper training is to provided for effective team building and the training is to provided with the help of professionals who can indulge the team in proper drills and exercises.4.3. Impact of technology on team functioning within TESCOS in Ireland.In the modern era, no organization can work without upgrading to the latest technological trends. Technology not only makes sure that the employees have to work less, but also ensures that the results are ever so accurate, and there is no repetition of jobs. While emails can help the employees to communicate with themselves and the third parties, devises like the Blackberry and Smart phones enable them to properly communicate. Teleconferencing allows the team to communicate over distances effectively without being physically present there. And of course, computers are, the more advanced, the better. Not only TISCOS, but every company these days understand of the in-chief(postnominal) role that technology plays, and hence have started to upgrade to the latest technological updates.ReferencesAntonakis, J., Cianciolo, A. T. and Sternberg, R. J., 2004. The Nature of Leadership. New York Sage Publications, Inc. Butler Jr., J.K., 1986. A global view of light organization. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 3, 39-43. Harris, S. G., 1994. Organizational Culture and Individual Sensemaking A Schema-Based Perspective. Organization Science, Vol. 5,(3) pp. 309321. Maccoby, M., 1998. Why Work Motivating and Leading the New Generation. New York Simon Schuster. Parker, M., 2000. Organizational Culture and Identity. London Sage. Robbins, S. and Judge, T., 2008.Essentials of Organizational Behavior. 9thEd, New Jersey Pearson/Prentice Hall. Sapru, R.K., 2008. Administrative Theories and Management Thought. New Delhi Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, p 276 Tittemore, J. A., 2003. Leadership at all Levels. Canada Boskwa Publishing.